Sunday, December 26, 2010

Britain will strongly recommend 30% reduction targets

End of the year will be held in Cancun, Mexico, the climate change conference, the UK will insist on promoting the year 2020 to reduce carbon dioxide emissions below 1990 target of 30%, the UK Energy and Climate Change Secretary Geoff Hoon (Chris Huhne) 9 23 in Royal Institute of International Affairs (Chatham House) at the theme of climate change conference on Wednesday.
"For too long, the British Government did not dare look directly at the developing countries, requiring them to make more active efforts to reduce emissions." Hoon said. This is perhaps the UK will be tougher at CancĂșn signal.
Currently the EU has agreed emission reduction targets of 20%. Last December in Copenhagen, Denmark before the meeting on climate change, the EU was intended to increase to 30% emission reduction targets, provided that if the other world powers have also made a corresponding reduction commitments. However, differences emerged in Copenhagen, the EU did not upgrade the final 20% of the emission reduction targets.
In fact, the emission reduction targets within the EU is not "a game of chess." Poland in Copenhagen last year prior to the meeting said the EU emission reduction targets can not be improved at once, we must first make the appropriate impact analysis. Poland is the EU's coal power. Italy is also opposed to raising the emission reduction targets in the world.

German climate change policies and measures

Germany's climate change policy and climate protection measures can be divided into two major content and adaptation to climate change. The core objective is to facilitate the former global average temperature increase compared with the pre-industrial no more than 2 degrees Celsius, to avoid climate change can not bear the consequences and risks. From the medium and long term goals and commitments in Germany is the greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 based on the 1990 reduction of 40%. To this end, shall be the proportion of renewable energy for electricity generation rose to 30%, the proportion rose to 14% of heating and energy efficiency based on the double in 1990. The latter's long-term goal is to reduce climate change on natural, social and ecological systems of the damage, try to maintain the natural, social and ecological systems, enhance their ability to adapt to climate change. The German Government believes that climate protection and adaptation to climate change are inextricably linked, are two sides of a coin, a German policy to address climate change two pillars.
Germany on the international stage in recent years has been actively playing the role of climate protection advocates. German government that was established in 1987 the first organization to address climate change - the atmosphere of preventive protection committee, established in 1990 inter-ministerial working group "of carbon dioxide emissions", signed in 1992 the United Nations "Agenda 21" and other international conventions to protect the climate, 1995 held in Berlin in the World Conference of the UNFCCC, in 1997 signed the "Kyoto Protocol." In 2000 the German Parliament passed the "National Climate Protection Programme", further amended in 2005 to increase the number of specific action plans.
"Adaptation to climate change strategy" in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change assessment report based on the world, and Germany observed and projected changes in climate parameters were outlined, and the four existing regional model of Germany to make a comparative assessment of the situation . "Strategy" and concluded that climate change is taking place in Germany claim to be reliable. "Strategy" that, according to the global anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions, is expected to Germany from 2021 to 2050 average temperatures will rise between 0.5 to 1.5 degrees Celsius from 2071 to 2011 will rise 1.5 to 3.5 degrees Celsius. Changes caused by rising temperatures is most obvious in winter, snow will be an average increase of 40%, to Law states, Hesse and Bavaria is located northeast of the central mountain rain and snow will even increase by 70%. Summer rainfall in the country is expected to be reduced up to 40%, the most serious situation in Southwest China. Climate change not only reflects the gradual change in the average, is also reflected in the frequency of extreme weather conditions and increased occur.

Japan submit conditional emissions reduction targets

Japan's Foreign Ministry website on January 31 the latest report said that Japan has already written to the "United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change," submitted to the Secretariat of Japan's emission reduction targets, commitments in 2020, based on the 1990 emission reduction of 25 %. However, this emission reduction targets is conditional.
According to reports, the Government of Japan under the 26 cabinet meeting convened to reach consensus, the Japanese government endorsed the "Copenhagen," while the "United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change," submitted to the Secretariat of the emission reduction targets by 2020, promised in 1990 Based on the emission reduction of 25%. But the government stressed that the implementation of this initiative, all major countries should work together to build a fair international framework with the effectiveness and emission reduction has a positive desire as a precondition.
According to experts, Yukio Hatoyama Government in 1990, 2020, on the basis of 25% reduction, which compared to the previous government of Japan seems more positive, but there are also problems that the emission reduction targets for Japan setting preconditions. Set the conditions for implication is that developed countries reduce emissions of the international arrangements should be made clear, the Japanese have their own interpretation, it can be done well in some major countries refused to implement their own emission reduction plans submitted. Japan called "key countries" including developing countries. However, "the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change," it clear that developing and developed countries to shoulder "common but differentiated responsibilities." Japan does not distinguish between these countries. Therefore, the Japanese commitment to an unreasonable thing as a prerequisite for the credibility of its commitment to fight a discount.

U.S. defense ranks global warming as destructive power for the first time

The Pentagon submitted to Congress in every four years to a major strategic assessment report for the first time as a destructive force of global warming that will deepen their conflict, the U.S. military in the world are facing increasing danger. This report will guide the military strategists of the latest scientific understanding of climate dynamics, and the development of long-term strategic planning as a climate change factors into consideration.
"Although climate change can not alone lead to conflict, but it may act as a catalyst for instability or conflict, adding to global civil and military burden of public bodies." Draft report said.
According to the British "Guardian" reported that heat waves and storms of unusual U.S. military may need more and more to respond to humanitarian crises or natural disasters, but the military more directly feel the effects of climate change, the draft report said.
More than 30 U.S. military bases currently under the threat of rising sea levels. This requires the Department of Defense military installations and the fighting forces face serious heat waves and fires may increase the assessment of the risks,
The report with the United States to strengthen the defense with global warming initiatives to coincide with the facilities, although a recent poll conducted by public concern about climate change is declining.

Malaysia designs and builds "underwater skyscraper" to tackling global warming

"United Daily News" reported on the 16th, it was said, skyscrapers built on, that is, the economic recession. The "skyscraper curse" does not seem to stop people "and the day of competition to" ambition. However, the Malaysian designer "fight to the sea," I do not know whether to avoid "skyscraper curse"?
Held recently in New York skyscraper competition eVolo 2010, Malaysia designer Sake Mu's "underwater skyscraper" design, especially to attract attention. National designers found, this may be an alternative, "Noah's Ark", to help free humanity from apocalyptic. With global warming, rising sea levels, the human living space is also constantly being squeezed.
Malaysia, this quaint building a huge, floating in the sea, like a giant octopus, most immersed in water, the top is a mini-forest, in the middle of residential and office buildings, a root extending to the bottom of the seabed fluorescent tentacles.
There are three tentacles at the bottom of the role of fluorescence: first, the same rhythm with the tides of the swing, and energy savings can be generated; second, building balance and stability system, with its gently swinging, the building can remain upright state; Third, a large number of sea animals inhabited places.
"Underwater skyscraper" energy and food self-sufficiency, waste, pollution, zero emissions, called a safe and environmentally friendly "oasis of the sea," but I do not know how likely the actual construction?

Boolean: current reduction commitment is not enough to realize temperature control goals

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, "Executive Secretary Yvo de Boer said in Bonn on 31 May, after the General Assembly in Copenhagen, submitted by the countries to achieve emission reduction commitments is not enough to control the global warming of 2 degrees Celsius target countries in this year's negotiations also need to establish more effective mechanisms of cooperation.
The Secretariat published the day the outcome of the Copenhagen Conference summary report, a detailed summary of the two-track negotiations on their achievements and problems to be solved. This is a conference in Copenhagen last December, the Secretariat published the first official report on the outcome of the negotiations.
The Secretariat said that as of now has 112 Parties expressed support for "the Copenhagen agreement." Of these, 41 countries submitted their emission reduction targets by 2020, 35 countries have announced their financial and technical support on the basis of their emission reduction action plans.
De Boer said, "The current commitment is on the table an important step to achieve emission reduction targets, but clearly less than the global warming to two degrees Celsius within the control objectives", "Mexico at the end of this year's negotiations, you need to establish more effective mechanisms to promote national, regional and international co-operation. "

Low carbon agriculture is the effective way to respond to climate change

Global climate change disasters caused by extreme instability in our country to increase agricultural production, such as not to take corresponding measures, by 2030 China's crop production may decrease 5% to 10%. Experts believe that - a low-carbon agriculture is an effective way to address climate change.
Agriculture is a low-carbon greenhouse gas emissions targets to reduce carbon emissions and increase carbon sequestration and adaptation to climate change technology as a means, by strengthening the infrastructure construction, adjustment of industrial structure, increase soil organic matter, good pest and disease control, development of rural renewable energy and other lifestyle changes in agricultural production and farmers to achieve high efficiency, low power, low emissions, carbon sinks agriculture. Not long ago, in a low-carbon agriculture seminar held in Beijing, the experts believe that low-carbon agriculture is an effective way to address climate change.
Global climate change disasters caused by extreme instability in our country to increase agricultural production, such as not to take corresponding measures, by 2030 China's crop production may decrease 5% to 10%, agricultural production layout and structure will change, crop diseases and insect pests could be expanded, water shortages become more prominent contradictions, the potential desertification trend grassland, livestock and poultry production and reproductive ability may be affected, and increased risk of livestock epidemics.